Dermoid cysts or mature teratomas are in general benign cysts. They comprise of a single cavity that is usually filled with puss, hair, bone tissue elements, teeth etc. These findings are usually mature tissue, while other types of tissue may also be found. Very rarely, there is the possibility of malignant cells to be found in its contents and that is why the histological examination is of great importance.
Their removal with laser laparoscopic surgery has an advantage over laparotomy as almost the entire healthy tissue remains untouched. Sometimes, the detachment of the cyst can be hard and thus great experience is required from the surgical team. The removal of the cyst from the abdomen is done with its placement in a special endoscopic pouch.